Type 3's in rallying
It wasn't only Beetles that were used in rallying, of course. In fact, the most successful air-cooled VW rally car was probably the Type 3 series.
The 1500S notchback gained VW's best ever major rally result, by finishing the 1963 RAC Rally of Great Britain in 2nd place Overall.
Driven by Harry Kallstrom, the car was part of the Scania-Vabis team, who were and still are the Swedish VW importers. The other three 1500Ss entered by the team finished in 13th, 14th and 17th places. A privately-entered 1500S driven by Ulsterman Reggie McSpadden came home in 35th place Overall.
Type 3s were back in the limelight again for the 1966 and 1967 RACs. In 1966 Sten Lundin and Bengt Karlsson drove privately-entered 1600TL Fastbacks, finishing 1st and 2nd in Class (8th and 9th Overall). In 1967, Bjorn Waldegaard drove another Fastback to finish 12th Overall, with no service, just the wheels and tools carried inside the car.
The story of the Type 3s doesn't even end then. They have continued to pop up on the Historic scene. The picture below is of Ken Green's notchback in the WAMC Coronation Rally in about 1981:
As can be seen from the angle of attack, Ken was going for it - his navigator even told him to slow down (and he'd navigated a 1302S in the RAC!). Just to prove how tough these cars are, they drove the Notch to the rally, opened the engine lid twice (once at scrutineering, once half-way to check the oil -it didn't need any, of course!), then drove it home again.
Even today, the Type 3 is competitive, with Norwegian Monty Karlan taking his 1963 1500S to victory in the Monte-Carlo Historic rally in 1999, 3rd in the 2000 Rallye Monte-Carlo Historique.