This magazine from 1972 has fallen into my hands.
I find this article so wonderful, that I do not want to withhold it
from the on-line community.
Here now is the article from the December 1972 issue of
‘Rallye Racing’, pages 3 and 34-37.
The Porsche Salzburg kg used different silver painted Volkswagen Beetles, which meanwhile already belonged to the Austrian rally scene in the previous years. The Group II Volkswagen put out over 120 HP, and Austrian rally aces such as Janger and Gruensteidel taught decisively superior competitors how to be afraid with these cars.
Co-driver Harald Gottlieb looks up suspiciously from his route-book. On the right the window of a farmhouse flew past. When the VW bounced on the road loudly, Gottlieb stammered over the intercom: ' we were in the first floor! ' Guenther Janger, indignant: ' read on! '
(1 and 2) a
self-development of the Salzburg technician Schwarz is the dry sump
lubrication. Above the feed pump, which sends the oil of the crankcase into
the oil tank, are three gear wheels from the Volkswagen series. Down the
pressure pump (2). This system is homologated by VW. (3) The engine with
enlarged capacity puts out 126 HP out with 6000 rpm. The intake manifolds come
from the company Sauer and Sohn. (4) The performance diagram with the
comparative data to the series Volkswagen. Photo: Factory (2), Kumpa (1),
Beetles from Salzburg
Silver Beetles in extreme positions have belonged to the
Austrian rally scene for five years and are now already in dominating places.
Ninth in the overall placings in the 1972 European Rally Championship
characterize the strength of the Salzburg Volkswagen Team, which in this year
is a word of the encouragement, as they didn’t get one Pfennig from
Wolfsburg. At the end of 1971 the Salzburg Team Manager Gerhard Strasser went
before the Volkswagen boss Leiding, in order to refer to successes and to
obtain funding (including assistance) for the future. Strasser: " Mr.
Leiding was very interested and gave them half an hour. " More, because
Wolfsburg sport assistance is not limited to Formula Vee. The hope, which was
that the Salzburg sport department of the Austrian Volkswagen importer could
become such a thing as the assigned one (official or unofficial) of a
Volkswagen factory team, did not fulfil itself. Thus the Austrians continue
alone: 1972 the importer provided a budget of 2.5 million Schilling
(approximately 340,000 Marks) for the rally operation, a further 150,000 Marks
of sponsorship (from Shell, Bosch, Pirelli and Bilstein) were received. That
is sufficient, in order to be competitive in Austria, and to structure a
sporty image for VW, but too little, in order to show the Volkswagen flag
The largest assets of the Salzburgers are five years
experience in the building of hot Beetles. In 1969 and 1970, when Gerhard
Strasser’s department became the official Porsche Importer, and Messrs
Siffert, Elford, Hulme and Herrmann drove under Austrian colours, the rally
cars were on the sidelines, since 1971 it is the only object for Team Manager
Gerhard Strasser, foremen Paul Schwarz, seven mechanics, an apprentice and a
The pluses and minuses
of the Volkswagen in the rallysport can be characterized quite simply: Simple
technology makes it a continuous runner, good-natured handling enables an
extreme driving technique, on the other hand a Beetle will never be able to
get into the weight per horsepower realms of an Escort, a BMW or an OPEL.
For the possibilities that are offered to the driver,
specialists are brought on in Austria. In sport, a VW - on any type of road -
oversteers, which drivers must never count on, because of the danger that for
alternation the front could break out instead of the tail. The technique of
awkward placing can be operated thereby with less compromise than with any
other vehicle, one lets the Beetle whip backwards, brakes in awkward places,
aims for the curve "Apex " transversestanding
on, helps themselves in any way with awkward places. An extreme driving
fashion is a must, in order to adjust for the lack of power, at least for
people who want to lead. Guenther Janger, 30, is the ideal figure for this
car. In many painful rides he pushed the limits again and again, and today
white it rather exactly, " where never goes ". Accordingly it
lowered its firings almost on zero, and with a front seat passenger (Harald
Gottlieb), who is durable enough to stop budding nervous breakdowns, it even
became a safe finisher. Dr. Gernot Fischer, 36, is the long-distance type of
the team, newcomer George Fischer, 24, is something like a reserve Janger, he
is becoming ever faster. For the remaining cars (up to six per rally) there
are several candidates, whereby Gruensteidl and Bisek are in the foreground,
also the services of Safari winner Edgar is gladly accepted. Large cash is to
be paid to none of them, but otherwise the care is as at a factory team, which
concerns the strictly professional preparation of the cars and complex
service. Team manager Gerhard Strasser, 35, is of the opinion, " that us
in the rallysport now none more which tell can ". Strasser formerly raced
motorcycles, and still today enjoys the possession of three 750cc Nortons,
which he alternates riding.
Technical head of the department is Paul Schwarz, 44,
former Apfelbeck co-worker, ex-KTM Works Leader and developer. He alone is
responsible for engineering the chassis and engine -. Engine: A prerequisite
for a successful power increase was a dry sump lubrication system -
"System Schwarz ". Beside the standard mechanical pump (attached to
the oil tank), a feed pump is built into the cycle. The l7berlegung, for this
second pump, which sends the oil from the crank case back into the oil tank,
three normal Volkswagen production cogwheels are used, is at the same time
simple and reliable. The oil cooler comes from the Mercedes 250 SE and is
found under the front bumper, behind the grill (the US specification apron). A
loan of the Porsche 911S oil thermostat controls the cycle.
By over-boring the barrels to 85.9 mm, the capacity
boundary of the class was almost achieved: 1599 cc (opposite 1584 in the
series). The exterior characteristic of a Paul Schwarz engine is the double
carburettor system (two Weber 46 IDA 2/3). The adjustment resulted in
considerable problems, which were only recovered with a trip to Modena, to the
Weber factory. The newest adjustment enables high elasticity, and yet works
well with the ignition timing. Starting from 1600 rpm, the engine can be
accelerated at full throttle without jerking.
The intake manifolds (light alloy) come from Sauer and
Sohn, which became of BLW manufactured intake valves on 40 mm increased, the
exhaust valves remain standard. The " flanking measures " consist of
shortening of the valve guides, shaping of the ports and discreet work on the
combustion chambers, probably making a compression ratio of 9,1:1, which in
relation to standard is clearly increased, but still quite tame.
Tuner Schwarzen’s dearest child is the camshaft, for
which the master gives, however, no specification.
Forged Mahle pistons, chromium-plated Goetze piston rings
are after-market parts, the remainder are Volkswagen series, which, according
to Strasser, the individual sections are not even particularly scrutinized.
The result of this work is 126 HP at the crankshaft (at
6000 rpm) with a maximum torque of 13,9 mkp (100 lbft) at 5200 revs, but the
curve runs rather flat. Numbers of revolutions in the area stood by 6000 rpm
those getunten Beetles even on longer time,
with 6500 one abgeregelt however.
Homologation of the VWPorsche-914-Five-speed gearbox was, for the Salzburgers,
a crucial step forward. Up to then they had helped themselves with a
close-ratio four-speed box. The current ratios of the 1:4.429 Differential
(3.091, 2.189, 1.684, 1.318 and 1.04) result in the following km/h of values
in the individual courses in the case of 6500 routes and the
165HR15-Bereifung: to 58, 82, 107, 137 and 174, corresponds thus to a close
four-speed gearbox plus another gear. Except the differential with 80-per
cent-locks, all further sections of the power transmission are standard.
Chassis: Amazingly small
changes to the standard car are made to the chassis. Bilstein shock absorbers,
front shock struts (a Bilstein development), an adjustment of the front wheels
to a negative camber of 0,5 degrees and experiments with a stabilizer on the
rear axle, which one does not always use, that is all. Steering element, rear
wheel suspension and even clearance remain unchanged. The dry weight of the
rally-ready car amounts to 890 kg. The gasoline tank holds 80 litres. The 5
1/2-rims are produced in the house: Normal Volkswagen rims are cut apart, and
welded together wider. These steel wheels are only insignificantly heavier
than light alloy wheels, and brought the best results in hard operation.
Because of the contract with Pirelli mostly 165HR15-Tyres of the type M535
(normal or coarse profile) are drawn up, the selection exist also between
Racing and winter mixture.
The weakest point of the
Salzburger Beetles is the brake assembly. The modification is limited to the
rear, with an over two millimetre increase on the wheel cylinders, harder
shoes and brake fluid with a higher boiling point - for the style of driving
of Janger and co that is somewhat too little, and the last part of a special
test is often driven without brakes. One experiments at improvements however.
Be called beetle
available: In practice a chassis is used for a full season and is
re-designated the following year to be the training car. Also the engines are
held at least one year in operation. Salzburger beetles are also available,
however only for customers who have already achieved appropriate successes.
The price for a new Rally Beetle (inclusive of engine), which would be
completely identical to a team car, amounts to 180,000 Schillings
(approximately 25,000 Marks). Used cars, which ran one for season to the
year-end, depending upon the status of the engine, are around 9000 to 14500
The Salzburger running
department built and offers a tamer-tuned version of the 1600-ccm-Motors as a
by-product, a " GT engine " to the everyday driver. This machine is
fully suited to everyday-life, and might have almost the same life expectancy
as a standard engine, which is performance lifted to 65 HP, which will help a
Beetle to a genuine 145 km/h. The price for the exchange of a 1303-engine
fresh from the factory, against a GT machine, amounts to 8100 Schilling (1100
Marks) without assembly, which can be achieved by skilled amateur mechanics
themselves. In 1972, in Austria, 210 GT machines were nevertheless sold.
Future: The management of Volkswagen Porsche Austria
might still give no official green light to the Racing department for 1973,
for approximately the same budget to be granted again. Strasser would gladly
modify the proposal, and would deny only half a dozen renowned rallies abroad.
Whether the importer will accept this request, is another matter, above all
because Wolfsburg is still uninterested. Except the Homologation of the dry
sump lubrication and the five-speed gearbox, so far no relief from Wolfsburg
was proven to the Salzburger sportsmen.
A further shadow for
Gerhard Strasser: Its star Guenther Janger is on the capture list of Toyota.
The star already received an invitation to join the rally team of the
Japanese, which is to be run from Brussels.
Copyright B. Samways 2000-10